Folk Dances of Bihar



Bihar dance comprises of various dances of folk and rural origin. Dance forms a very important aspect of life in Bihar. They are not treated as mere modes of entertainment but is intrinsically linked to the various significant activities of their lives. All the dances of Bihar are linked to some ritual or another. Bihar dance also includes a rich tradition of the practice and performance of classical dances. The Rajgir dance festival attests to the wide popularity that classical dances enjoy in Bihar. The dances of north and south Bihar are distinct in their etymology and nature. Bihar dance forms are typically connected to some social, occupational or family occasion. Jat-Jatin is the most popular folk dance of Bihar. Kajari and Jhumeri are celebrations of certain seasons of the year, while Sohar - Khilouna celebrates the birth. Dance in Bihar also forms an integral part of the various phases of the farming season. The harvest dances are particularly spectacular. Men and women usually perform separately in most of Bihar's dances. Saturi dance of Mithila is the only dance where they participate together. The kathaks or traveling story tellers sometime employs dance as a part of their narration. Natua dance is a very popular folk dance from Bihar. South Bihar has a wide tribal population. It is in these parts that indigenous forms of Bihar dance have their origins. Dances feature very prominently in the various festivals and celebrations of the tribal people like the Maghi parva and the Karma festival. Chhau and jhumur are two such dance forms prevalent among the tribal populace of south Bihar. Dances of Bihar Bidesia Dance Bidesia Dance, BiharIt is believed that the creator of these plays is Bhikari Thakur of Bihar, a barber by profession. His dramas are dealt with many social issues, contradictory topics & conflict between the traditional and the modern, the urban and rural, and the rich and the poor. Bhikari Thakur used satire and light-hearted comments to maximum effect to put forward his views on social ills and other problems plaguing Bhojpuri society. Not only hard-hitting but also delicate matters & emotional battles are also powered down in through Bidesia. The emotions of birha or pangs of separation find expression in the Bidesia, thus the women who are left alone behind by their men who are away from home, sing through these songs. The train, sometimes represented as the other woman, the weather, the in-laws are all criticized in these songs. The overall form of Bidesia has been made so effective through the medium of vibrant dances and evoking music and heart touching stories that it paints a realistic picture of olden days. In Bidesia, the female roles are played by the male actor-dancers. Normally, they wear dhoti or shirt trousers and for the appearance in case of female roles, they use artificial long hair for the same. Though many new means of communication & entertainment are developed recently, Bidesia remains the most popular and refreshing relaxation for the Bhojpuris. In olden days, Bidesia was famous as it gave voice to many social concerned topics like the cause of poor laborers and tried to create awareness about the poor status of women in the Bhojpuri society. Casteism and communalism are also handled with due care in the same cultural tunes. Sometimes, the tone of Bidesia is sarcastic in nature. Bidesia plays and style of theatre are very popular for their rhythmic language, sweet songs and appealing music. These plays are the true reflection of Bhojpuri culture. Jat-Jatin Dance Jat-Jatin Dance, BiharThe original theme of the Jat-Jatin dance of Bihar explains the story of the lovers Jat and Jatin, who were separated and living in difficult situations. But now through "Jat Jatin" many social situations are also discussed; natural calamities situation like droughts and floods. Many socially concern topics like poverty, sorrow, love, arguments between lovers or husband and wife; all find its expression in this dance. Paika Dance Paika Dance, BiharThe original theme of the Jat-Jatin dance of Bihar explains the story of the lovers Jat and Jatin, who were separated and living in difficult situations. But now through "Jat Jatin" many social situations are also discussed; natural calamities situation like droughts and floods. Many socially concern topics like poverty, sorrow, love, arguments between lovers or husband and wife; all find its expression in this dance. Jhijhian Dance Jhijhian Dance, BiharJhijhian dance is another dance style popular in Bihar. This is a ritualistic dance performed during no-rain time and aims at making the God of rain happy. The dance is accompanied by a song which is full of prayers to Lord Indra, the rain God. The participants of the dance include a lead singer, harmonium player, a flute player, and a dholak player. This is woman only dance show. Jhumari Dance Jhumari Dance, BiharJhumari Dance of VBihar is similar to that of "garba of Gujarat" and it is a folk dance of mithilanchal of bihar. This dance is performend only by married women,since most of the rituals are also performed by them and hence,it also signifies a good women.

Folk Dances Of Bihar



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